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The Paralympic Games are a sporting event for athletes with physical disabilities and visual. This includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness and cerebral palsy. The Paralympic Games are held every four years, after the Olympic Games, and are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). The Paralympic Games are sometimes confused with the Special Olympics World Games, which are only for people with intellectual disabilities.

Although the name was coined as a suitcase combining 'paraplegic' (because of its origins as games for people with spinal injuries) and 'Olympic', the inclusion of other disability groups meant that this was no longer considered appropriate. The present formal explanation for the name is therefore derived from the greek preposition, ParĂ¡ ( "beside" or "alongside") and thus refers to a competition held in conjunction with the Olympic Games.

Source: Wikipedia